Kolding and the surrounding areas history in a factual exhibition based on original objects:
1. The physical life of the town
- Geology, prehistory, streets and houses
- Harbour, railways, communication, press
- Crafts, trade (wholesale and retail), industry
2. The social life of the town
The towns administration, religious conditions, military, social conditions (health and illness), care of children and the aged, wellfare for the aged and the poor, school and sports, further education, culture and societies
Guilds, business organisations.
The exhibition will be set up along the whole length of the north wing on both storeys.
Kolding lies in a subglacial stream trench with a river and a fjord which has long attracted people. Settlements from the Stone Age and throughout antiquity are known.
As a town Kolding appears in the archaeological material early in the time of the Valdemars (second half of the twelth century), in written sources in the first half of the thirteenth century. A border town on the border between Kingdom and Duchy, dominated by the royal castle Koldinghus.
Between the castle lake and Koldinghus to the north and Kolding å river to the south there arose in the course of the Middle Ages a street plan which still marks the town centre. The castle and Skt. Nikolaj Church stem from the thirteenth century, the towns other houses are much newer. A few well-preserved half-timbered houses from the towns first period of prosperity between 1550 and 1630, but the towns massive expansion in the twentieth century has meant that many of the older buildings have disappeared and been replaced by modern town houses.
Kolding received a proper harbour in 1843, and when the railways were built Kolding became a traffic node with state railways and three private railways which connected a large hinterland to the towns trade.
In modern times Kolding has been placed in a node of motorways.
Industrial development began in Kolding in the mid-nineteenth century with tileworks and iron foundries. Later Kolding became an important textile town, but is today characterised by food industries and the stainless steel industry. But Kolding has first and foremost always been a trading centre and is nowadays a centre for the service sector.
Visualisation of entrance to the part of the exhibition dealing with the Kolding during industrialisation. The towns oldest steam engine, built for the Andelsslagteriet in 1887
Drawing: Anders Sanderbo