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CENTRE FOR LOCAL HISTORY. KOLDINGHUS STABLEYARD

A proposal

Koldinghus castle and Stableyard in the centre of Kolding will be the setting for a broad selection of activities day and night. This will contribute to Kolding becoming an even more interesting town.

Koldinghus castle and Stableyard together form an historic central point in the old Koldinghus fief.

Koldinghus castle and Stableyard should therefore be brought together again – as a setting for the presentation of local history.

The current proposal has as its starting point:

  • that because of its central position, it is possible for Koldinghus Stableyard to create interesting experiences and
  • activities which would be worthwhile for Kolding as the regions trade, business, and cultural centre
  • that Museet på Koldinghus holds in its warehouses large collections of objects of local historical significance from
  • Kolding and the surrounding arera, from the Stone Age to the present
  • that the establishment of a centre for local history in the Stableyard will be of use to the people of Kolding and the
  • surrounding area in strengthening the national and local identity in an ever more integrated Europe.
  • that activities will come to Koldings town centre which will attract visitors from a large geographical area.​

Centre for Local History, Koldinghus Stableyard will consist of the following elements:

Exhibitions:

  • Kolding from the Middle Ages to the present day
  • The Kolding cog
  • Kolding during the Occupation 1940-1945
  • Education and meeting centre
  • Café
  • Exhibition workshop.

Koldinghus castle and the Stableyard (picture)

Kolding from the Middle Ages to the present day

Kolding and the surrounding areas history in a factual exhibition based on original objects:

​1. The physical life of the town

  • Topography
  • Geology, prehistory, streets and houses
  • Infrastructure
  • Harbour, railways, communication, press
  • Business
  • Crafts, trade (wholesale and retail), industry

​2. The social life of the town

  • Social life

The towns administration, religious conditions, military, social conditions (health and illness), care of children and the aged, wellfare for the aged and the poor, school and sports, further education, culture and societies

  • Business

Guilds, business organisations.

The exhibition will be set up along the whole length of the north wing on both storeys.

Kolding lies in a subglacial stream trench with a river and a fjord which has long attracted people. Settlements from the Stone Age and throughout antiquity are known.

As a town Kolding appears in the archaeological material early in the time of the Valdemars (second half of the twelth century), in written sources in the first half of the thirteenth century. A border town on the border between Kingdom and Duchy, dominated by the royal castle Koldinghus.

Between the castle lake and Koldinghus to the north and Kolding å river to the south there arose in the course of the Middle Ages a street plan which still marks the town centre. The castle and Skt. Nikolaj Church stem from the thirteenth century, the towns other houses are much newer. A few well-preserved half-timbered houses from the towns first period of prosperity between 1550 and 1630, but the towns massive expansion in the twentieth century has meant that many of the older buildings have disappeared and been replaced by modern town houses.

Kolding received a proper harbour in 1843, and when the railways were built Kolding became a traffic node with state railways and three private railways which connected a large hinterland to the towns trade.

In modern times Kolding has been placed in a node of motorways.

Industrial development began in Kolding in the mid-nineteenth century with tileworks and iron foundries. Later Kolding became an important textile town, but is today characterised by food industries and the stainless steel industry. But Kolding has first and foremost always been a trading centre and is nowadays a centre for the service sector.

Visualisation of entrance to the part of the exhibition dealing with the Kolding during industrialisation. The towns oldest steam engine, built for the Andelsslagteriet in 1887

Drawing: Anders Sanderbo

The Kolding cog

The Kolding cog, a medieval trading ship, was found at the bottom of Kolding fjord in 1943. In 2001 it was raised for study and measuring.

The Kolding cog was built in around 1190 of timber felled in the forests between Kolding, Ribe, and Haderslev. The Kolding cog is one of the oldest examples of the type, which was decisive in the economic and cultural development of medieval Northern Europe which our culture still builds upon, and is the oldest known ship with a bow rudder and thus unigue in the history of European shipping.

The ship will be preserved and exhibited together with an exhibition about the types development and about shipping and maritime trade in Kolding.

The Kolding cog

Drawing: Pelle

Kolding during the Occupation 1940-1945

Starting with Zelle II, the only remaining cell from the Gestapo activities in Denmark 1943-45, the exhibtion in the Stableyards south east corner casts light on the Occupation in Kolding and Southern Jutland, the resistance movements Region 3:

  • Kolding was heavily marked by significant German military activity throughout the Occupation
  • The Stableyard was the headquarters for the Gestapo in Southern Jutland
  • Kolding was the headquarters for the resistance movements Region 3
  • 250,000 German refugees to Denmark were sent back to Germany in the years 1945-49 via refugee camps in Kolding (Kløvermarkslejren)
  • The Stableyard served as a provisions base for Den Danske Brigade/Det Danske Kommando in Germany 1947-58.

Section 1

  • Background

Europe after the First World War; Fascism in Europe – and in Denmark; Outbreak of war 1st September 1939

  • Occupation

Weserübung 9th April 1940; seizures; Kolding harbour; Which Germans and how many?

Section 2

  • Danish adjustment

Black outs; Air raid warnings; Civilian protection; Police and watchmen; Germans on the street; Collaborators and

the Danish Legion; Daily life – shortages and rationing; L.A.B.

Section 3

  • Danish resistance

"Denmark through a thousand years"; Community singing and King Christian X; Elections in 1943; Demonstrations

and the beginnings of sabotage; State of emergency; Illegal press; Sabotage; The town protects itself; Weapon

air drops

  • Germans replies

"The Court of Hell"; GESTAPO; Schalburgtage; Deportations; Concentration camps or execution

Section 4

  • German defeat

The white busses; Capitulation; English entry; "Home to the Kingdom"; Den danske

Brigade

  • Denmark freed

The Resistance movement; Judicial settlement; Refugees; The English in Kolding; Conclusion of the war. Europe

after 1945; Allied and Danish occupation of Germany; Home Guard

Section 5. The castle garden

  • Civilian protection

The protection room in the castles south west corner is an obvious setting for a section about civilian protection, the beginnings of the civilian preparedness of today.

Kolding during the Occupation 1940-45. 1. Exhibition and Zelle II 2. Protection room. Exhibition about civilian protection (picture)

Education and meeting centre

Education and meeting centre

Education and meeting centre for education in connection with the Stableyards exhibitions. The facilities will be placed in the Stableyards east wing and fitted out with modern education technology and with IT access to the museums registry of objects and other computerised information.

The associations which have hitherto used the Stableyard as a regular meeting place will continue to have rooms available for their association events. The towns other associations will be able to use the education and meeting facilities in the Stableyard outside of usual school hours.

School of Local History

Collaboration between Museet på Koldinghus and the Edcuation Authority in Kolding will establish a School of Local History based on the museums collections and exhibitions.

This school service will produce teaching material with a basis in the museums collection, combined with material from Kolding Stadsarkiv, which can support history teachers in their teaching, just as the school service can assist classes during visits to the museum.

It is thought that the School of Local History wil be maned by one or more teachers in combined posts organised by the museum and the Education Authority to secure close connection between the development of historical knowledge and of the teaching of history.

Centre for Local History, Koldinghus Stableyard. Plan

Café. Exhibition workshop

Café

In connection with the Education and meeting centre, a cafe serving visitors to the exhibitions in the Stableyard and users of the meeting facilities will be established.

Exhibition workshops

Museet på Koldinghus has taken over Vejle Amts Konserveringsværksted. The buildings are fitted out as workshops and are maintained as a necessary workshop for the preparation of the museums special exhibitions and for the museums conservation work.

Kolding has a long and interesting history behind it. The town has roots and identity.

Museet på Koldinghus has since its beginnings in 1890 collected material evidence of the towns history and development, but there has never been the possibility of telling this story in the castles spaces.

Koldinghus Stableyard ought to be the setting for the telling of Koldings story.

© Museet på Koldinghus

September 2000

CONTACT KOLDINGHUS​

​MUSEET PÅ KOLDINGHUS

Koldinghus 1

6000 Kolding

Postboks 91

Tlf.: 7633 8100

E-mail: museum@koldinghus.dk

MADKÆLDEREN

Tlf.: 7550 4798

E-mail: info@madkaelderen.dk

OPENING HOURS

Daily from 10 a.m. to 17 p.m.

Closed on Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, New Year's Eve and New Year's Day

Closed all mondays in January 2019.

PRICES 2018

Adults: 95 DKK

Students: 50 DKK

Free admission for children and youngsters under 18 years

PRICES HIGH SEASON (Apr. 28 - Nov. 3 2019)

Adults: 125 DKK

Students: 65 DKK

Groups (min 10 pers.): 100 DKK pr. pers.

Thanks to our sponsors

Alfa Laval Kolding A/S

Alfix A/S

Andersen Partners Advokatfirma

Autohuset Vestergaard A/S

BECHs + ABC Flytteforretning ApS

Beierholm Revision

BlueKolding A/S

BoxBudget.dk

Brands of Scandinavia A/S

Business Kolding

Comwell Kolding a-s

Danfoss A/S

Dankemi A/S

Dansk Firmapension

Dansk Gummi Industri A/S

Dansk Metal

Danske Bank

Deloitte

Ernst & Young

European Protein A/S

Fiberline Composites A/S

Focus Advokater 

From Grafisk A/S

Frøs Sparekasse

Fynske Bank Kolding

HANSENBERG

Home v. Hanne Faaborg

Hotel Koldingfjord

IBA International Business Academy

IBC International Business College

INGENIØR'NE A/S

IPW Systems A/S

JMA Byg I/S

Jotun Danmark A/S

Jyske Bank​

Kolding Hotel Apartments

Klinisk Tandtekniker Eva Jørgensen

Kolding Storcenter Centerforeningen

Kolding Vinhandel

Medarbejderoplevelser

Menneskefaktor

Michael Baruah Consulting

Middelfart Sparekasse

Mos Mosh A/S

MTAB Danmark A/S

Nordea A/S

Nplus ApS

Nykredit

Ove Jæger A/S

P. Christensen Kolding A/S

PhotoCare Popp Photo

Prime Cargo A/S

PwC - Revision

Rambøll

Riis Retail A/S

Spar Nord Kolding

Sparekassen Kronjylland

STRØH AS

Svane Shipping

Sydbank Kolding A/S

Szocska Advokataktieselskab

Tegnestuen Mejeriet A/S

TOLKESERVICE v/ Jytte Olesen

Tora A/S

Transport-Teknik A/S

TRESU Production A/S

Trillingsgaard & Høybye ApS

Würth Danmark A/S

X-tension​