KING CHRISTIAN IV AT KOLDINGHUS
Few Danish kings stand out so strongly in the minds of Danes as does Christian IV, who reigned from 1588 to 1648. He is remembered primarily for his splendid buildings, for his enterprising military campaigns in Sweden and in North Germany – and not least for his spectacular defeat in the Thirty Years War, which inflicted heavy costs on Denmark. The defeat in Germany cost Denmark its leading position among the Nordic countries, while the Swedish wars led to losses of territory.
In a new permanent gallery we tell the story of Christian IV’s many periods of residence at Koldinghus. The display is divided into four themes:
- The Heir to the Throne during the extensive period of his education at the castle, between 1583 and 1593, when the young Duke Christian learned languages, the art of writing, fencing and court etiquette;
- Christian IV’s building of the castle’s NW corner with the Great Tower, the magnificent Castle Chapel and the 57-metre-long Great Hall;
- the culmination in 1616, when the castle was the venue for a grand celebration of the Danish victory in the Kalmar War and the enfeoffment of the Duchy of Schleswig to the Duke of Gottorp;
- the King’s stay at Koldinghus in 1627 during the headlong flight from the spectacular defeat in the Thirty Years War – an experience that ultimately led to the founding of a new large fortress not far from Kolding: Fredericia.